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Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Bureau for Economic Theory and Applications

Laboratoire d'Economie Forestière

Kick off meeting of the project NOBEL

Project NOBEL
Novel business models and mechanisms for the sustainable supply of and payment for forest ecosystem services

The NOBEL project has been officially launched in the ForestValue Research Programme Kick-Off Seminar 23-24 May 2019 in Helsinki.



European forests provide a range of goods and services. Some are valued by existing markets (i.e. wood and non-wood products), and others like "public goods" (i.e. they are non-excludable - everyone benefits from them like carbon sequestration - and they are not subject to consumption rivalry) or "common-pool resources" (i.e. they are non-excludable goods like recreation or water supply, but subject to competition in use) not. The regulatory framework of European forest policies and forest-related policies (e.g. EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy, EU 2030 Climate and Energy Policy Framework) influences the provision of forest goods and services. However, forest ecosystem services in Europe are often non–marketed public goods or common pool resources and land owners are not rewarded for its provision by the markets. In recent years, there have been several initiatives to increase society’s awareness of ecosystem services and to discuss mechanisms to pay for sustaining them. Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) have been identified as an important mechanism to close the gap between the demands of the society and the service providers . The number of PES mechanisms increases while two main approaches can be seen: (i) Paying to maintain or enhance the services that an ecosystem provides, (ii) Paying to rescue those services at risk, or prevent a change of land-use with potential negative impacts. Whichever mechanism or business model is adopted, an important element for a functioning PES approach is, that those who pay are aware that they are paying for an ecosystem service that is valuable to them and those who receive the payments engage in management activities that secure the supply of ecosystem services.


The general objectives of NOBEL are to assess the current and future role of marketable and non-marketable forest functions, goods and services and to develop strategies and mechanisms for their sustainable provision. For this purpose NOBEL will apply economic valuation methods (e.g. Cost based and preference based methods) to assess the costs and benefits of important forest ecosystem services (FES) in Europe. The costs for the provision and the societal benefits will be assessed for current and future conditions by using regional case studies (pilot demonstrations) from five different European regions. NOBEL will analyse public and private financing mechanisms for the enhanced provision of these forest externalities in Europe, develop options for market-based mechanisms, present best practice examples, and prepare strategies and guidelines for policy-makers in order to implement new mechanisms and to foster the provisioning of these FES.

The BETA, through Jens Abiltrup and Anne Stenger, is involved in this project.

Project NOBEL is supported under the umbrella of ERA-NET Cofund ForestValue by BMLFUW (AT), ANR (FR), FNR (DE), Vinnova (SE), MINECO-AEI (ES), RCN (NO) and FCT (PT). ForestValue has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement N°773324.

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