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24, chemin de Borde Rouge –Auzeville – CS52627
31326 Castanet Tolosan CEDEX - France

Dernière mise à jour : Mai 2018

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Fractionation of AgroResources and Environment lab


Brigitte __

Address : INRA, 2 esplanade Roland-Garros, BP 224, 51686 Reims cedex 2, France

Phone             +33 (0)3 26 77 35 94

Fax                 +33 (0)3 26 77 35 99



Since 1995      Researcher, INRA Reims, UMR FARE

1989-1995      Researcher, INRA Grignon

1985-1989      Researcher,  INRA Bordeaux

1983-1985      Post doctoral fellow, STFI (Swedish Pulp and Paper Research Institute), Stockholm, Sweden


1983                PhD in Plant Sciences, Université Paul Sabatier, Toulouse


Multiscale and multimodal characterization (microscopy, chemistry, spectroscopy) of plant fibers ligocellulosic biomass and polymers (lignin, hemicelluloses, cellulose), bioinspired polymer assemblies.

Ongoing projects :

Lignocelluloses biorefinery

ZELCOR : S. Baumberger, AgroParisTech coord. (H2020, BBI-Europe) 2016-2010.

FUNLOCK : J.G. Berrin, INRA coord. (ANR) 2015-2017.

LIGNOPROG : G. Paës, INRA, coord. (ANR) 2015-2017.

FUTUROL :  (BPI France) 2009-2016.

Plant fibers: structure and retting

RIGHTLAB: Quality of hemp fibers retting, La Chanvrière coord. (ADEME) 2016-2019.

SINFONI;  FRD coord.  (BPI France, Région Champagne-Ardenne) 2014-2017.

RESIST : Etude et modélisation du rouissage des tiges de plantes à fibre (Université de Reims Champagne Ardenne et INRA) 2015-2018.


SInce 2012 : 30h Master 1 Production and  Valorization of Agroressources  (URCA)

2006 -2012 : 60 h Master 2 Agroressources and  Environnent (URCA)

Main publications



Lashermes, G., Bleuze, L., Recous, S., Voinot, R., Lafolie, F., Chabbert, B. (2020) Multiscale modeling of microbial degradation of outer tissues of fiber-crop stems during the dew retting process. Bioresource Technology 311, 123558. DOI

Chabbert B, Padovani J, Djemiel C, Ossemond J, Lemaître A, Yoshinaga A, Hawkins S, Grec S, Beaugrand J, Kurek B. Multimodal assessment of flax dew retting and its functional impact on fibers and natural fiber composites. Industrial Crops and Products 2020, 148, 112255. DOI

Bleuze, L., Chabbert, B., Lashermes, G, Recous, S. (2020) Hemp harvest time impacts on the dynamics of microbial colonization and hemp stems degradation during dew retting. Industrial Crops and Products, 145, 112122. DOI

Bleuze L, Lashermes G, Alavoine G, Recous S, Chabbert B (2018) Tracking the dynamics of hemp dew retting under controlled environmental conditions. Industrial Crops and Products, 123, 55-63.

Chabbert B, Terryn C, Herbaut M, Vaidya A, Habrant A, Paës G, Donaldson L (2018) Fluorescence techniques can reveal cell wall organization and predict saccharification in pretreated wood biomass. Industrial Crops and Products, 123, 84-92.

Herbaut M, Zoghlami A, Habrant A, Falourd X, Foucat L, Chabbert B, Paës P (2018) Multimodal analysis of pretreated biomass species highlights generic markers of lignocellulose recalcitrance. Biotechncology for Biofuel, 11, 52.

Kiyoto S, Yoshinaga A, Fernandez-Tendero E, Day A, Chabbert B, Takabe K (2018) Distribution of lignin, hemicellulose, and arabinogalactan protein in hemp phloem fibers. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 24, 442-452

Chabbert B, Habrant A, Herbaut M, Foulon L, Aguié-Béghin V, Garajova S, Grisel S, Bennati-Granier C, Gimbert-Herpoël I, Jamme F, Réfrégiers M, Sandt C, Berrin JG, Paës G. (2017) Action of lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase on plant tissue is governed by cellular type. Scientific Reports, 7, 17792.

Fernandez-Tendero E, Day A, Legros S, Habrant A, Hawkins S, Chabbert B. Changes in hemp secondary fiber production related to technical fiber variability revealed by light microscopy and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. PLoS ONE, 2017, 12, 6.

Muraille L, Aguié-Béghin V, Chabbert B, Molinari M (2017) Bioinspired lignocellulosic films to understand the mechanical properties of lignified plant cell walls at nanoscale. Scientific Reports,  7, 44065. DOI: 10.1038/srep44065

Muraille L, Pernes M, Habrant A, Serimaa R, Molinari M,  Aguié-Béghin V, Chabbert B (2015) Impact of lignin on water sorption properties of bioinspired self-assemblies of lignocellulosic polymers. European Polymer Journal, 64, 21–35.

Chantreau M, Portelette A, Dauwee R, Kiyoto S, Crônier D, Morreel K, Neutelings G, Chabia M, Boerjang W, Yoshinaga A, Mesnard F, Grec S, Chabbert B, Hawkins S (2014) Ectopic lignification in the flax lignified bast fiber1 mutant stem is associated with tissue-specific modifications in gene expression and cell wall composition. The Plant Cell, 26: 4462–4482.

Amin BHZ, Chabbert B, Moorhead D, Bertrand I (2014) Impact of fine litter chemistry on lignocellulolytic enzyme efficiency during decomposition of maize leaf and root in soil. Biogeochemistry, 117:169–183.   10.1007/s10533-013-9856-y

Paes G, Burr S, Saab MB, Molinari M, Aguie-Beghin V, Chabbert B (2013) Modeling progression of fluorescent probes in bioinspired lignocellulosic assemblies. Biomacromolecules, 14 (7), 2196-2205.

Gorschkova T, Brutch N, Chabbert B, Deyholos M, Hayashi T, Lev-Yadun S, Mellerowicz E, Morvan C, Neutelings G, Pilate G (2012) Plant fiber formation: state of the art, recent and expected progress and open questions. Critical Reviews in Plant Sciences. 31(3), 201-228.

Machinet GE, Bertrand I, Barrière Y, Chabbert B, Recous S (2011) Impact of plant cell wall network on biodegradation in soil: Role of lignin composition and phenolic acids in roots from 16 maize genotypes. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 43 (7):1544-1552.

Huyen T Le Ngoc, Rémond C, Dheilly RM, Chabbert B (2010) Effect of harvesting date on the composition and saccharification of Miscanthus x giganteus. Bioresource Technology 110: 8224–8231.

Rémond C, Aubry N, Crônier D, Noël S, Martel F, Roge B, Rakotoarivonina H, Debeire P, Chabbert B (2010) Combination of ammonia and xylanase pretreatments: impact on enzymatic xylan and cellulose recovery from wheat straw. Bioresource Technology 110: 6712–6717.

Boukari I, Putaux JL, Cathala B, Barakat A, Saake B, Rémond C, O'Donohue M, Chabbert B (2009) In vitro model assemblies to study the impact of lignin-carbohydrate interactions on the enzymatic conversion of xylan. Biomacromolecules 10: 2489-2498. 10.1021/bm9004518

Crônier D, Monties B, Chabbert B (2005) Structure and chemical composition of bast fibers isolated from developing hemp stem. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 53: 8279-8289. 10.1021/jf051253k

Day A, Ruel K, Neutelings G, Crônier D, David H, Hawkins S, Chabbert B (2005) Lignification in the flax stem: evidence for an unusual lignin in bast fibers. Planta, 222: 234-245. 10.1007/s00425-005-1537-1

Beaugrand J, Paës G, Reis D, Takahashi M, Debeire P, O'Donohue M, Chabbert B (2005) Probing the cell wall heterogeneity of micro-dissected wheat caryopsis using both native and inactive forms of a GH11 xylanase. Planta 222: 246-257. 10.1007/s00425-005-1538-0

Pilate G, Chabbert B, Cathala B, Yoshinaga A, Leple JC, Laurans F, Lapierre C, Ruel K (2004) Lignification and tension wood. Comptes Rendus Biologies 327: 899-901.

Barrière Y, Ralph J, Méchin V, Guillaumie S, Grabber JH, Argillier O, Chabbert B, Lapierre C (2004) Genetic and molecular basis of grass cell-wall biosynthesis and degradability. II. Lessons from brown-midrib mutants. Comptes Rendus Biologies 327: 847-860. 10.1016/j.crvi.2004.05.010

Beaugrand J, Crônier D, Thiébeau P, Schreiber L, Debeire P, Chabbert B (2004) Structure, chemical composition, and xylanase degradation of external layers isolated from developing wheat grain. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 52: 7108-7117. 10.1021/jf049529w

Beaugrand J, Chambat G, Wong WK, Goubet F, Remond C, Paës G, Benamrouche S, Debeire P, O’Donohue M, Chabbert B (2004) Impact and efficiency of GH10 and GH11 thermostable endoxylanases on wheat bran and alkali-extractable arabinoxylans. Carbohydrate Research 339:2529-2540. 10.1016/j.carres.2004.08.012

Benamrouche S, Crônier D, Debeire P, Chabbert B (2002) A chemical and histological study on the effect of (1 -> 4)-beta-endo-xylanase treatment on wheat bran. Journal of Cereal Science 36: 253 -260.

Baucher M, Chabbert B, Pilate G, Van Doorsselaere J, Tollier MT, Petit-Conil M, Cornu D, Monties B, Van Montagu M, Inze D, Jouanin L, Boerjan W (1996) Red xylem and higher extractibility by down-regulating a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase in poplar. Plant Physiology, 112, 1479-1490. 10.1104/pp.112.4.1479

PhD thesis supervisor

In progress. Raphaël Coste. Cartographie des propriétés physicochimiques des fibres lignocellulosiques.  Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne et Université de Floride Centre (USA).

2019. Laurent Bleuze. Etude et modélisation du rouissage des tiges de plantes à fibre. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2016. Cédric Decourtil. Étude des relations entre lignine et lignanes via la caractérisation de mutant pinorésinol réductase chez Arabidopsis thaliana. Université Paul Jules Verne, Amiens.

2014. Loïc Muraille. Propriétés physicochimiques à l’échelle supramoléculaire des polymères pariétaux dans des assemblages bioinspirés de la paroi végétale : Application à la fibre native. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2013. Eva Fernandez. Origines biologiques et environnementales de la variabilité de la qualité des fibres de chanvre (Cannabis sativa L.) à destination d'agromatériaux. Université des Sciences et Technologie de Lille1.

2012. Nassim Belmokhtar. Etude de la saccharification enzymatique du miscanthus par des cocktails cellulolytiques deTrichoderma reesei. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2012. Bilal Ahmad Zafar Amin. Rôle des enzymes lignocellulosiques dans le processus de biodégradation de résidus végétaux dans les sols : influence de la qualité des résidus sur l’efficacité des enzymes et leur dynamique. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2011. Tran Le Ngoc Huyen Transformation de la biomasse aérienne de Miscanthus giganteus : aptitude à la dégradation enzymatique et valorisation des coproduits en agro-matériaux. Université de Picardie Jules Vernes.

2010. Imen Boukari. Définition des critères d’efficacité d’une hémicellulase pour l’hydrolyse de substrats lignocellulosiques complexes et insolubles. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2009. Frédérique Nolin. Hétérogénéité et spécificité de la lignification chez le lin (Linum usitatissimum L): Etudes microscopiques et biochimiques de la polymérisation des lignines. Université des Sciences et Technologie de Lille1.

2009. Erwan Machinet. Utilisation de la variabilité génétique du maïs pour évaluer le rôle de la qualité chimique des racines sur le processus de décomposition dans le sol. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2007. Abdellatif Barakat. Etude de la lignification de parois végétales de graminées par des assemblages modèles: Réactivité, organisation et structure supramoléculaire. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2004. Johnny Beaugrand. Bases cytologiques et moléculaires de la dégradation enzymatique du son de blé tendre. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2004. Arnaud Day. La lignification des fibres phloémiennes du lin (Linum usitatissimumL.) : approches cytochimiques, chimiques et moléculaires. Université des Sciences et Technologie de Lille1.

2002. Samina Benamrouche. Biochimie et histologie de la dégradation enzymatique du son de blé par une endoxylanase. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

2000. Mélanie Hamm. Déshydratation industrielle de la luzerne: effet du séchage thermique sur le réseau pariétal. Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne.

1997. Christelle Vallet. Analyse des relations entre la croissance et la structure des parois des tiges de luzerne. Approches en conditions contrôlées et au champ. Institut National Agronomique Paris-Grignon.

Other activities

Member of editorail board : Bioenergy Reserach, Scientific Reports